Welcome to the insightful journey of Understanding the Different Types of Eye Exams and Their Benefits. In this article, we delve into the intricacies of various eye examinations, shedding light on their unique advantages and why they are crucial for maintaining optimal eye health.

The Basics of Eye Exams

Embark on your eye care journey by grasping the fundamental concepts of eye examinations. From visual acuity tests to comprehensive eye exams, we unravel the purpose behind each, ensuring a solid foundation for your ocular health.

Visual Acuity Tests: Beyond 20/20 Vision

Discover the significance of visual acuity tests, extending beyond the clichéd notion of 20/20 vision. Learn how these tests measure your eyes’ ability to discern details and uncover potential issues that may go unnoticed.

Comprehensive Eye Exams: A Holistic View

Delve into the world of comprehensive eye exams, gaining insights into how they provide a holistic view of your eye health. From assessing refractive errors to detecting underlying conditions, these exams are your passport to comprehensive ocular well-being.

Understanding the Different Types of Eye Exams and Their Benefits

Ophthalmoscopy: A Window to Eye Health

Peer through the ophthalmoscope’s lens as we explore the benefits of ophthalmoscopy. Uncover how this examination unveils the inner workings of your eyes, allowing early detection of diseases like glaucoma and macular degeneration.

Tonometry: Keeping Eye Pressure in Check

Dive into the importance of tonometry, a key player in maintaining optimal eye pressure. Understand how this test aids in identifying conditions such as glaucoma, safeguarding your eyes from potential damage.

Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT): Precision Imaging for Eye Health

Navigate the world of Optical Coherence Tomography, a cutting-edge technology offering precise imaging of eye structures. Learn how this non-invasive procedure aids in detecting and managing various eye conditions with unparalleled accuracy.

FAQs: Answering Your Queries on Eye Exams

Are Eye Exams Painful?

Eye exams are generally painless. However, some discomfort may be experienced during specific tests like tonometry, where a slight pressure is applied to the eye.

How Often Should I Get an Eye Exam?

The frequency of eye exams depends on various factors, including age and existing eye conditions. As a general rule, adults should have a comprehensive eye exam every two years, while individuals with existing conditions may require more frequent visits.

Can Eye Exams Detect Health Issues Beyond the Eyes?

Absolutely! Comprehensive eye exams can detect underlying health issues such as diabetes and hypertension, emphasizing the interconnectedness of eye health with overall well-being.

What Is the Importance of Visual Acuity Tests?

Visual acuity tests play a crucial role in identifying refractive errors like nearsightedness and farsightedness. They form the basis for prescribing corrective lenses, enhancing your visual clarity.

Are There Risks Associated with Ophthalmoscopy?

Ophthalmoscopy is a low-risk procedure. However, dilation drops used in the process may cause temporary blurred vision and sensitivity to light.

How Long Does an Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) Test Take?

An OCT test typically takes 15-30 minutes. It’s a quick and painless procedure, providing detailed insights into your eye health.


In conclusion, Understanding the Different Types of Eye Exams and Their Benefits is pivotal for maintaining optimal eye health. Regular eye exams not only detect vision issues but also serve as a gateway to overall well-being. Take charge of your ocular health, and embark on a journey of clarity and vitality.

Tatum Eyecare is North Phoenix’s premier family eye care center. We’ve spared no expense to create the most pleasant, comfortable patient experience… including the finest furnishings, the best selection of prescription eyeglass frames, the most cutting-edge technology, and the most outstanding team of industry professionals. Come see why the choice for family eye care in the Valley has never been clearer.


Dr. Bryan Fuller

Dr. Bryan Fuller of Tatum Eye Care in Phoenix Arizona
Dr. Fuller grew up in Issaquah, Washington and graduated with a Bachelor’s degree in Mechanical Engineering from Washington State University. He decided to ditch the calculator and trade it in for a phoropter and slit lamp. He headed east to The Ohio State University where he received his Optometry degree in 1998. Go Bucks! Not wanting to return to the gray of Washington, after graduation, he headed southwest to sunny Arizona. Shortly thereafter he met Dr. McPhelan and they partnered up at their original location, Optical Illusions. With the success of the first location, the two doctors opened up their north location, Optique at the Ridge. After many years of operating the two locations, it was time for an upgrade. In 2016 they merged the two locations into their larger and current location, Tatum Eyecare! When not at the office, Dr. Fuller enjoys spending his free time with his amazing wife and two boys. Dr. Fuller holds the following degrees:

Ohio State University - Doctorate of Optometry
Washington State University - B.S. Mechanical Engineering

Dr. James McPhelan

Dr. James McPhelan of Tatum Eye Care in Phoenix Arizona
Dr. McPhelan grew up in Southern California and enlisted in the Army at age 17. He graduated from Southern California College of Optometry in 1976, then started practicing optometry in Arizona in 1977. Over the next few years, he grew 20/20 Eye Care to 15 offices. In 1999, he and Dr. Fuller took over Optical Illusions, then opened Optique at the Ridge. In 2016, they created Tatum Eyecare. In his spare time, Dr. McPhelan is an avid golfer, often competing in multiple tournaments through the year. Dr. McPhelan holds the following degrees:

Southern California College of Optometry - Doctorate of Optometry

Dr. Houle

Dr. Houle
Dr. Houle is following in her father's footsteps as an optometrist. She is a North Dakota native who received her Bachelor's degree from the University of North Dakota before earning her Doctorate of Optometry from Midwestern University - Arizona College of Optometry. Dr. Houle began her career in eye care more than 10 years ago, and she worked as a receptionist, optician, and technician before becoming an optometrist. She has a particular interest in the management of ocular disease including dry eye and glaucoma. In her free time, Dr. Houle is an avid baseball fan (go Twins!) and spends as much time as possible with her friends and family in both Arizona and North Dakota.

Midwestern University – Arizona College of Optometry - Doctorate of Optometry
University of North Dakota - Bachelor of Science: Biology

Dr. Kenneth O'Daniel

Dr. Kenneth O'Daniel of Tatum Eye Care in Phoenix Arizona
Dr. O’Daniel was born in the beautiful mountains of Waynesville, North Carolina and grew up in Dayton, Ohio. He attended Wright State University and graduated with his BS in Biology in 1977; shortly thereafter, beginning his Masters in BioChemistry.

Dr. O’Daniel is also a 1983 graduate of the Illinois College Optometry. He met his wife Lori during this period. Lori, a Chicago native, became an integral part of his practice (and life!) shortly thereafter.
He moved to Scottsdale in 1986 to begin practicing inside LensCrafters. In 1990 Dr. O'Daniel opened the Scottsdale LensCrafters, and he also presided as its director of Optometric services.
Dr. O’Daniel became an Optometrist because of his love and passion for photography, physics, and desire provide patients with the ability to see the world more clearly. As a licensed optometrist, Dr. O’Daniel provides complete eye care services for the surrounding communities ages seven and up.
Dr. O’Daniel has had a working relationship with both Dr. Fuller and McPhellan for over two decades. He has served as past director for the Arizona Optometric Association, and past President of the Central Arizona Optometric Society. In January, 2018 Dr. O’Daniel decided to join Tatum Eye Care, the premier Eye Care Center in Phoenix and Scottsdale.
Dr. O’Daniel’s goal is simple: Provide Excellent Eye Care, treat patients as family, and treat everyone honestly and fairly!

Dr. Christina Wong

Dr. Christina Wong of Tatum Eye Care in Phoenix Arizona
A southern California native, Dr. Wong attended UCLA where she received her B.S. in Biology. She then completed her Doctorate of Optometry at the Southern California College of Optometry. Dr. Wong moved to Arizona to complete a residency in ocular disease at Hu Hu Kam Memorial Hospital on the Gila River Indian Reservation. Following residency, Dr. Wong earned the distinction of Fellow in the American Academy of Optometry.

Dr. Wong provides comprehensive eye care to patients of all ages, from pediatrics through seniors. She has a special interest in the management of medical eye conditions including glaucoma, eye infections, dry eye and diabetic retinopathy.
Outside of the office, Dr. Wong enjoys running, going to the beach, rooting for the Bruins, and spending time with her husband and three daughters.
University of California Los Angeles - B.S. in Biology
Southern California College of Optometry - Doctorate of Optometry

Dr. Ryan Felten

Dr. Felten of Tatum Eye Care in Phoenix Arizona
Dr. Felten is a native to Arizona, and was raised in North Phoenix where most of his family still resides. He earned his Bachelor of Science in Exercise Science from Brigham Young University; then returned home to Arizona to pursue his Doctor of Optometry at Midwestern University in Glendale. While at Midwestern University, he was a member of the Beta Sigma Kappa Honor Society and was the recipient of the Clinical Excellence Award in Pediatrics and Vision Therapy. Dr. Felten enjoys working with patients of all ages and also speaks fluent Spanish. Dr. Felten holds the following degrees:

Brigham Young University - Bachelor of Science in Exercise Science
Midwestern University - Doctorate of Optometry