Cataracts: What You Need to Know

April 30th, 2019

Important Information About Cataracts

 

Why it is it important to share information about cataracts? Well, did you know that the leading cause of vision loss for people all over the world is, believe it or not, cataracts? Cataracts are a clouding or fogging of the eye’s inner lens.  

Cataracts affect 24.4 million Americans, usually age 40 or older, according to the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO). The National Eye Institute (NEI) reports that the number of people in the US with cataracts is expected to increase to roughly 50 million by 2050.

Despite its prevalence, there are still a great many misconceptions about cataracts. This is another reason why it is incredibly important to get information about cataracts that is rooted in science and not superstition. Let’s take a few moments to discuss the most up-to-date information about cataracts…. and see if we can help clear up some popular misconceptions for you in the process.


There is no Age For Cataracts

 

Myth #1: The only people affected by cataracts are senior citizens  

Fact #1: There is no age for cataracts

It is true that most cataracts are related to aging. It is also true that they are very common in older people, there is actually no set age for cataracts. According to the NEI, “more than half of all Americans either have a cataract or have had cataract surgery.”   Be that as it may, the term “age-related” is more than a bit confusing and misleading to patients. In fact, people as young as 40s and 50’s can be afflicted with an age-related cataract. However, because most cataracts start small and don’t usually affect the vision of the middle-aged, the effects may go unnoticed for years.  

Furthermore, there are other types of cataracts, beyond those that are simply age-related. Some are the result of trauma to the eye and others are secondary to intraocular surgery or the result of medications or systemic disease. So, as you can see, the age for cataracts is any age depending on the circumstances surrounding the person who develops them.


Eye Cataract Prevention is Possible

 

an optometrist screening a patient for cataracts

 

Myth #2: Cataracts are merely a part of aging and nothing can be done about them  

Fact #2: Eye cataract prevention is possible  

While it is true that cataracts cannot be prevented entirely, eye cataract prevention is possible. In fact, there are several things you can do to slow their progression. Taking nutritional supplements, for example, can aid in slowing down the onset of cataracts. Additionally, a healthy diet and wearing UV-protected sunglasses may also slow the progression of cataracts.   Higher risk patients may want to consider taking advantage of the tips mentioned above. According to the NEI, cataracts are more likely to occur in women, but smoking and diabetes are also risk factors. The take home message here is to take to heart the fact that eye cataract prevention is possible by caring for your eye health before cataracts form.


Eye Cataract Surgery is Permanent

 

Myth #3: A cataract can grow back after surgery since it is a film that grows over the eye  

Fact #3: Eye cataract surgery is permanent  

Yes, eye cataract surgery is permanent and not simply a temporary fix. This is a common misconception because some patients are under the impression that a cataract is a film that grows over the iris, rather than a clouding of the crystalline lens inside the eye. This video will help illustrate this further. Because of this, eye cataract surgery is permanent because your cataracts will not “grow back” once surgery is performed.

Another misconception is that there are “eye drops that can dissolve cataracts.” Currently, there are no FDA-approved drops that can cure or even delay cataracts available, according to the AAO. And, as cataracts are not an actual substance, topical treatments won’t affect them and they cannot “come back” after surgery. This is why eye cataract surgery is the preferred method of treatment when the symptoms warrant.


Non Surgical Treatment for Cataracts Is Possible

 

Myth #4: The only option for dealing with cataracts is surgery  

Fact #4: Non surgical treatment for cataracts is possible  

Yes, non surgical treatment for cataracts may be possible depending on how severe your symptoms currently are. Cataract symptoms range from mild, where colors can seem faded and eyes are glare sensitive, to more severe, where extremely blurred vision makes driving, reading and facial recognition impossible. In mild cases, measures including magnifying lenses, anti-reflective sunglasses, brighter lighting and new eyeglasses may improve symptoms of cataracts.  

Surgery is the only effective treatment if vision loss is impairing day-to-day activities, but there is no need to rush into surgery. The NEI states that in most cases, delaying surgery will not make the surgery more difficult, nor would it cause long-term damage to your eyes. The fact that non surgical treatment for cataracts is indeed possible makes it extremely important to consult your optometrist the moment you experience even mild vision impairment symptoms.


Cataract Surgery is Safe

 

Myth #5: Cataract surgery is painful as well as risky  

Fact #5: Thanks to technology, cataract surgery is considered safe in most cases  

According to the AAO, cataract surgery is the most common and frequently performed surgical operation in the country and it “is one of the safest and most highly perfected surgical procedures in medicine, with a 95 percent success rate.” As always, with any surgery, there are risks and those should be discussed beforehand.  

Thanks to technological advances, the procedure has certainly come a long way and therefore, cataract surgery is safe comparatively speaking to in years past. Though a few appointments are necessary, surgery is typically an outpatient procedure that takes about ten minutes or less, only requiring tiny incisions and, most often, no sutures.  

Patients should avoid bending or heavy lifting for up to three weeks from the date of the procedure, but otherwise normal activities can be resumed the day after in most cases. The best patients – and those most satisfied with their results – are those who are educated about the procedure and know what to expect.


Vision Improvement After Cataract Surgery

 

 

a man's eye clear of cataracts

 

Myth #6: Cataracts are a life-altering diagnosis  

Fact #6: Vision improvement after cataract surgery is actually possible  

If you think about it, age-related cataracts mean you are living a long life! Having cataract surgery can even provide patients with the opportunity to choose their refractive condition, something the doctor can explain in more detail. It is even possible to experience significant vision improvement after cataract surgery. Many cataract patients come out of surgery not needing to wear glasses at all, or only needing reading glasses. Since vision improvement after cataract surgery is possible, being diagnosed with cataracts can actually be a good thing!


Cataract Surgery in Phoenix

 

We understand that cataract surgery can be very frightening. After all, your eyes are irreplaceable and you only get two of them. However, advances in modern technology have made cataract surgery a safe, effective and quick procedure…. that can actually help you experience a quality of vision you might have never had beforehand. We recommend consulting your optometrist immediately if you suspect any cataract symptoms.  

If you are local to the Valley of the Sun, Tatum EyeCare is pleased to offer you cataract surgery in Phoenix courtesy of our highly experienced team of eye doctors. Give us a call If you have any questions or concerns about cataracts, and we will be happy to help you. If you would like to see for yourself why Tatum EyeCare is the preferred optometrist for cataract surgery in Phoenix, we welcome you to stop in for a visit anytime.  

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